Retelling the Three Billy Goats Gruff

Illustration Elements

Illustration Éléments

Illustration Sub-competencies


After a class reading of two stories, “The Three Little Pigs” and “The True Story of The Three Little Pigs”, the first the traditional fairy tale and the second told from the point of view of the wolf, students used a Venn diagram to compare the two stories. The class then read “The Three Billy Goats Gruff” and discussed the point of view in the narrative.

Students were then asked to rewrite “The Three Billy Goats Gruff” from the point of view of the troll. They used their knowledge of point of view to examine the role of the troll in the story. They had to ask themselves questions like “Who is telling the story?” and “Why does that matter?” They had to use their own experiences as well as their imaginations to question the voice of the narrator. Before writing, they talked to partners about the troll’s viewpoint. The students then read their stories aloud to the class.


Activity Video

Teacher Reflection

This student succeeds in retelling the story consistently from the perspective of the troll. Her troll makes excuses for himself throughout but also subtly hints toward the end that he is not being entirely truthful.


I can get new ideas or build on or combine other people’s ideas to create new things within the constraints of a form, a problem, or materials.

I can get new ideas to create new things or solve straightforward problems. My ideas are fun, entertaining, or useful to me and my peers, and I have a sense of accomplishment. I can use my imagination to get new ideas of my own, or build on other’s ideas, or combine other people’s ideas in new ways. I can usually make my ideas work within the constraints of a given form, problem, or materials if I keep playing with them.


I can ask questions and consider options. I can use my observations, experience, and imagination to draw conclusions and make judgments.

I can ask open-ended questions, explore, and gather information. I experiment purposefully to develop options. I can contribute to and use criteria. I use observation, experience, and imagination to draw conclusions, make judgments, and ask new questions. I can describe my thinking and how it is changing. I can establish goals individually and with others. I can connect my learning with my experiences, efforts, and goals. I give and receive constructive feedback.