Goals and Rationale


The British Columbia Mathematics curriculum aims to ensure that our citizens are numerate and embody mathematical habits of mind. It develops skills and processes citizens can use to critically analyze information encountered at work, in finances, and in daily life, while providing the fundamentals on which mathematical specialties and professional applications of mathematics are built.

The Mathematics program of study is designed to develop deep mathematical understanding and fluency, logical reasoning, analytical thought, and creative thinking. Content focuses on concepts related to number sense, patterns and relations, spatial sense, and statistics and probability. Students actively investigate problems and find solutions. Throughout the course of their K–12 Mathematics experience, they will develop a willingness to take risks, experiment, and make logical guesses. Students will experience both success and failure, ultimately learning perseverance while developing confidence and competency in mathematics.

On both a local and global level, students are creators of and exposed to an overload of information. Through the study of Mathematics, they learn how to make accurate, informed, and ethical choices in the collection, analysis, and presentation of data. Mathematical thinking assists students in making sound inferences and decisions that will impact both our present and future societies.

Students are empowered as they develop proficiency in using mathematics as a tool, a process, and a way to further understand the patterns and relationships within the world. Mathematical abilities enable them to understand their place in society from both an individual and a global perspective. Mathematical knowledge, attitudes, and skills create opportunities for and enrich the lives of us all.


The British Columbia mathematics curriculum contributes to students’ development as educated citizens through the achievement of the following goals.

Students are expected to 

  • develop a deep understanding of both factual (content) and processed-based (curricular competencies) information; each of these forms of knowledge are needed to solve complex problems
  • reason mathematically using their understanding of number, pattern, spatial relationships, and analysis of data in order to problem solve
  • become financially literate and able to make sound financial decisions
  • use flexible, effective, and accurate strategies to analyze and solve increasingly complex problems
  • explore how mathematics complements and includes other ways of knowing, such as First Peoples knowledge and other world views
  • develop perseverance and confidence to apply mathematical thinking in various abstract and concrete contexts
  • view and navigate their world with a mathematical perspective
  • develop the ability for abstract thinking, including the critical thinking skills necessary for understanding global issues in society.